Laying the foundations for strong, sustainable growth in Finland

After a large drop in the first half of 2020, Finland regained its pre-COVID-19 GDP level by mid-2021. Policies to support incomes during and after the pandemic contributed to the powerful economic rebound. However, Russia’s war of aggression against Ukraine has boosted inflation, slashing household spending power and consumer confidence.

Securing the health of Ireland’s future

In recent decades, Ireland made impressive strides in developing its economy and raising living standards. However, structural reforms remain key to prepare for Ireland’s future fiscal pressures due to rising ageing costs, and the need to ensure adequate supply of affordable housing and enable a sustainable green transition.