fiscal sustainability


Boosting health spending efficiency in Ireland

To ensure equal access to quality healthcare services, Ireland should increase health spending efficiency via the delivery of more integrated and patient-centric healthcare, while making the most of cost-saving opportunities offered by enhanced digitalisation.

Laying the foundations for strong, sustainable growth in Finland

After a large drop in the first half of 2020, Finland regained its pre-COVID-19 GDP level by mid-2021. Policies to support incomes during and after the pandemic contributed to the powerful economic rebound. However, Russia’s war of aggression against Ukraine has boosted inflation, slashing household spending power and consumer confidence.