Global growth is weakening: coordinating on fiscal and structural policies can revive euro area growth

by Laurence Boone, OECD Chief Economist The global expansion is continuing to lose steam, and faster than anticipated a few months ago. Growth in Europe has been particularly disappointing, as trade growth both within the EU and with external partners has stalled. Business and consumer confidence has plummeted in advanced economies as trade tensions persist, … More Global growth is weakening: coordinating on fiscal and structural policies can revive euro area growth

The social exclusion of Roma in the Slovak Republic calls for immediate policy action

by Gabriel Machlica, Slovak Republic Desk, OECD Economics Department The Slovak Republic has one of the continent’s largest Roma populations. Estimates differ, but it is assumed that they account for about 8% of the population The Roma communities vary based upon geographic location and the level of integration. Nevertheless, the average level of ethnic segregation … More The social exclusion of Roma in the Slovak Republic calls for immediate policy action

The pension system in Hungary is under pressure from demographic changes

by Ania Thiemann, Hungary Desk, OECD Economics Department Over the next 50 years, the old-age dependency ratio will double, and public spending on pensions and health-care is set to increase. People will also spend more time in retirement. The 2019 Economic Survey of Hungary is assessing the demands on public finances arising from this population-ageing … More The pension system in Hungary is under pressure from demographic changes

Statistical insights: Are international productivity gaps as large as we thought?

by Nadim Ahmad, OECD Statistics and Data Directorate Labour productivity is a key indicator of economic wellbeing, and raising it – producing more goods and services from the same or less work (labour input) – is one of the main drivers of sustainable economic growth. Historically, comparisons of productivity across countries have shown substantial gaps, … More Statistical insights: Are international productivity gaps as large as we thought?

How can public finance reforms boost economic growth and enhance income equality?

by Boris Cournede, Head of Public Finance Workstream, OECD Economics Department Most OECD countries have very large government sectors: public expenditure amounts to 43% of economic activity, measured by GDP, on average across OECD countries. This proportion exceeds 50% in four OECD countries. The programmes on which governments spend have thus deep implications for people’swell-being … More How can public finance reforms boost economic growth and enhance income equality?

Some Australians are at a significant risk of poverty, despite the strong economy

by Urban Sila, Australia Desk, OECD Economics Department Australia is a successful economy with high living standards. It has recorded 27 years of uninterrupted GDP growth. Incomes have grown strongly across the entire range of the income distribution and the incidence of both absolute and relative poverty have declined.  Despite this improvement, quite a significant … More Some Australians are at a significant risk of poverty, despite the strong economy

The output cost of the global financial crisis

By David Turner and Patrice Ollivaud, OECD Economics Department Assessing the damage from the Global Financial Crisis (GFC) is not straightforward, even with the benefit of hindsight provided by ten years of history, because the counter-factual of what might have happened in its absence is unknowable. However, a simplistic, but commonly adopted approach, of comparing … More The output cost of the global financial crisis

Sustaining growth to benefit all in Spain

By David Law, Spain desk, OECD Economics Department Spain continues to recover from the economic crisis with strong growth and falling unemployment, as highlighted in the latest OECD Economic Survey of Spain (OECD, 2018). If the recovery is to be sustained, it is vital that the benefits of economic growth are shared as high rates … More Sustaining growth to benefit all in Spain

Reducing regional disparities for inclusive growth

By Müge Adalet McGowan, Spain desk, OECD Economics Department Ensuring the benefits of growth are spread widely requires a strong focus on greater convergence of regions in terms of income and well-being. The GDP per capita in the best performing region was around double that in the worst performing region in 2016. Income inequality and … More Reducing regional disparities for inclusive growth

Positive economic outlook for the main economies in Latin America but downward risks have intensified

Alvaro S. Pereira (Director) and Latin American desks, Economics Department, Country Studies Branch, OECD The global economy is navigating rough seas. Global GDP growth is strong but it has peaked. In many countries unemployment is well below pre-crisis levels, labour shortages are biting and inflation remains tepid.  Yet, global trade and investment have been slowing … More Positive economic outlook for the main economies in Latin America but downward risks have intensified